It is known as adoption of the legal or legal act by which a person takes a child for a child who is biologically the son of other parents. This means that the adoption refers to those people who meet the requirements established by law to take as a child a child who is not their own, to legally fulfill the obligations that a father must have towards a child.
The legal act of adoption establishes a legal-parental link between a child and his father or mother which causes a link between parents and children to be born even if they do not have the same blood.
The word is also used to refer to the action to adopt, which sometimes works not only to refer to the legal act but to those opportunities in which you want to express the desire or action to take something, such as when He says that the government adopted wrong economic measures, or when a country adopted an international treaty on economic integration.
It is that adoption that is made by people who are outside or outside the country where the child was born, that is, they are made by foreign people from a certain territory, it is very common and very frequent the case of women and men born or belonging to developed countries that move to poorer nations with great economic difficulties where they adopt a child and take him to live with them to give him other life opportunities, such as the example of celebrities such as Madonna, Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie.
Single Parent Adoption
It is a very controversial issue, since this adoption is one that is carried out by parents of the same sex, that is to say by homosexual couples. This is obviously not authorized in all countries of the world, so to opt for this option must be done in a country where legislation and legal system authorize the adoption of a child by a same-sex couple or marriage. .
There are those who are against this type of adoption because of the controversial issue of sex and the possible education that children adopted by a homosexual couple may have, say the detractors of this option, however those who defend it say that the education and life of a Adopted child does not depend on the sexuality of their parents and that these children have been abandoned by their heterosexual parents.
Requirements for Adoption
It can be said that there is a wide variety of requirements and obligations to be fulfilled in order to exercise the adoption of a child or adolescent and that these in turn depend on the country and its legislation, but we can name in broad strokes those that they are more common in the different legal systems, within which we have:
- Minimum age: it is an indispensable requirement, in the great majority the adopter must be of legal age, in some cases it must be a person with an age above the age of majority, to guarantee that he is a mature person and fit to adopt.
- Maximum age: it is also applicable by virtue of the life expectancy of a person who adopts a child, since if he or she has an advanced age the risk of death is greater which makes it likely that the child may be orphaned.
- Full capacity for the exercise of civil rights: that is, not to be prevented from being imprisoned or legally incapable.
- Not be a guardian of the adoptee.
Full and Simple Adoption
Full adoption constitutes a new and irrevocable civil status where the adoptee acquires the last names of the marriage, which must be between a man and a woman, therefore the adoptee enjoys the same rights and obligations as consanguinity and affinity, which It means that the child happens to have grandparents and uncles if possible.
In the simple adoption only rights and duties are established between the adopter and the adopted one, which the difference of the full adoption in which the adopted one can have grandparents and uncles to be the case while in the simple one only has father or mother, since this type of adoption can be carried out by a single person.
It should be noted that the former allows the adoptee the option to inherit all his ascendants in all grades, while in the latter he can only inherit the father or mother, depending on the case, full adoption is irrevocable while the simple one may be revoked, in the full adoption must be performed by a marriage or heterosexual couple, while in the second can be performed by a single individual, be it man or woman.