What is Cinema?
The film is an art and a technique. It is the art of narrating stories through the projection of images, hence it is also known as the seventh art . And it is the technique that consists of projecting frames, quickly and successively, to create the illusion of movement.
For the realization of the cinema, the concurrence of many other technical, creative and financial capacities is necessary, such as editing, photography, directing, screenwriting, camera operation, sound, production, etc. which is necessary a whole work team. It also goes through several stages: development, pre-production, filming, post-production and distribution.
Cinema is usually divided into a multitude of genres, according to certain characteristics and similarities between films (style, theme, intent, audience, form of production), such as animation, commercial, police, action, science fiction, romantic, documentary, experimental, among others.
Cinema began as such in the 19th century, when in 1895 the Lumière brothers projected several scenes from the daily life of their time in a public function: the departure of the workers from a factory, the demolition of a wall, the arrival of a train, the departure of a ship.
Since then, cinema has evolved enormously. From the first stage of silent cinema, we went to sound cinema, and from there we reached color cinema. Currently, digital cinema and 3D and 4D cinema have also been developed.
Cinema, as art, is the way in which societies tell their stories, problems, circumstances or circumstances through audiovisual discourse. Cinema is a reflection of the time in which we live, of our concerns and our desires on a personal or collective level.
On the other hand, as cinema we also refer to the film industry, which is in charge of exploiting, as an economic activity, everything that involves cinema: the production, distribution and exhibition of films.
As a cinema, on the other hand, it is also called the place or room where films are shown for the public.
Etymologically, the word cinema, as such, is a shortening of a cinematograph , a word that comes from the French cinématographe , and which is made up of the Greek words κίνημα (kínema), and -ατος (atos), which means ‘movement’, and – graphe , which means ‘-graph’.
Author cinema is called the one that is characterized by reflecting the style, searches, concerns and interests of its director. This, generally, has a preponderant role in making all the decisions related to the execution of the work, and is usually, at the same time, director and scriptwriter of his films.
Commercial cinema refers to all the cinema produced by the great film industry, whose main objective is to reach the general public with an entertainment product that produces economic benefits. It is the cinema that traditional movie theaters tend to project.
Documentary cinema is called the one that bases its work on images taken from reality, from which it tells a story.
Experimental cinema is the one that leaves aside the classic molds of the most conventional cinema and ventures to explore other expressive resources. In this sense, it is a more purely artistic cinema.
As independent cinema we call that which is produced without the support of a studio or a commercial cinema producer. It is characterized by the almost total control of the director over the final result. In this sense, we can say that independent cinema is almost always auteur cinema.
Silent cinema is called that of the first stage of cinema, in which the projection is silent, so that it does not have the accompaniment of sounds or voices.
As sound cinema is known anyone who reproduces, through a soundtrack, the voices, noises and music that accompany the projection of a film. Nowadays, all cinema is sound.