What is Encryption?
According to Digopaul, a type of encryption is what can only be understood by people who understand or have access to this code. The term is applied in different fields, such as cryptography and music.
Encryption in cryptography
Cryptography is a technique that involves modifying the way a message is represented, so that it can only be decrypted by authorized people. In this sense, encryption in cryptography is properly the digit code (encryption algorithm) whose purpose is to guarantee the encryption of a message or a file to preserve its security.
In computing , this type of code protects not only the privacy of messages emitted by the user or the files sent, but also the security of software systems, that is, of programs, applications and data.
Encryption in music
In music, cipher refers to a musical notation system for the representation of harmony, which instead of using the traditional system based on the stave, uses numerical or alphanumeric characters as appropriate, as well as other symbols. There are several types of encryption in music. Let’s see the most important ones.
The expression cipher bass refers to a mixed type of musical writing developed in the Baroque period. This system combines the traditional score with figures (numbers) that are placed in relation to the bass. Thus, the encrypted bass is built by placing below the bass notes some figures that represent the chord that accompanies that note.
Anglo-Saxon, English or American encryption
It is a harmonic notation system based on the German note nomenclature (A, B, C, D, E, F, G) in combination with other symbols. Its flexibility and simplicity allow it to be an ideal tool for writing and quick reading of modern harmony. It is widely used in jazz and popular music.
In Anglo-Saxon encryption, each capital letter represents the note that gives the chord its base name. Whenever the letter appears alone, it means that the chord is major and is in a fundamental state. For example: A is equivalent to A major . The chord can also be flat (♭) or sharp (♯). For example: C♯ (C sharp major) or D ♭ (D flat major).
From here, the additional characters will serve to indicate the type of chord (if it is minor, increased, subdecreased or decreased), its state (ground state, first inversion or second inversion) and its alterations (added degrees).
- Minor chord: itis represented by the letter “m” or the abbreviation “min”. Example: Am or Amin (A minor).
- Chord inversion: itis represented by placing a diagonal bar and, under it, the note where the inversion begins. Example: A / C (The major with bass in C) or A / E (The major with bass in E).
- Increased chord:the abbreviations “aug” or “aum” or with the symbol ” △ ” are represented. Example: Aaug ; Aaum ; A △ (increased).
- Decreased chord:the abbreviation “dim” or with the symbol ” º ” is represented. Example: Adim or Aº (The diminished one).
- Subdecreased chord:is represented by the symbol ” Ø “. Example: A Ø (The sub-diminished).
- Suspended chords: theyare represented by the abbreviation “sus” plus the degree you want to add. For example: Gsus 2 or Gsus 4 .
- Chords with added degrees: theyare represented with the number of the additional degree: 6 ; 7 ; 9 ; 11 and 13 . Examples: Gm 7 (G minor with seventh). In the case of the ninth, it is common to find the abbreviation “add” before the number. Example: F add9 (F major with added ninth).
- Altered degrees:Alterations also affect added degrees. They can be flats (♭) and sharp (♯). They can also be increased or decreased. In this case, for economy the symbols “+” and “-” respectively are used. Examples: G -7 b5 (G major with diminished seventh and fifth flat).
Figure or tablature
The figure or tablature is a specific musical notation system for string instruments. For example, there are figures or tablatures for the vihuela, for the guitar, for ukulele, etc.
In this system the positions in which the fingers must go on the strings are represented, so that the numbers correspond to the fingering. They are represented in different ways depending on the instrument.