Also known as International Basketball Federation according to abbreviationfinder, FIBA is the body that is dedicated to regulating the rules of basketball worldwide, as well as periodically holding competitions and events in the two disciplines, founded in 1932, with current headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Account in 2007 with the affiliation of 213 national federations. The acting president, since 2006, the Australian Bob Elphinston.
It was founded on 18 of June of 1932 in Geneva by representatives of 8 National Federations: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Romania and Switzerland. The first president was the Swiss Léon Bouffard. In 1936 the first basketball tournament was held in the Olympic Games in Berlin. In 1950 the first Men’s Basketball World Championship was held in Buenos Aires with the participation of 10 national teams. In 1953 the first Women’s Basketball World Championship was held in Santiago de Chile with the participation of 10 national teams. The 8 of April of 1989 FIBA decided to open the doors to professional basketball, removing the name from the word Hobby Amateur.
FIBA in America
The FIBA Americas (Pan American Basketball Confederation), is an organization that represents the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), in the American Continent, with jurisdiction from Canada to Argentina. FIBA is divided into 5 continental federations: Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Oceania.
The history of the Confederation begins with the conversations of Mr. William Jones, then the Secretary General of FIBA, with José Claudio Dos Reís, distinguished leader of Basketball in Brazil. In these conversations, in 1972 and 1973, Dos Reís expressed to Mr. Jones the idea of some delegates from the National Federations of the South American Zone, to create a Regional Organization of the Americas, with a permanent office.
EI November of July of 1974, in Puerto Rico, during the implementation of the 7th World Basketball Championship, met for the first time in the Granada Hall of the Hotel Helio Island, delegations from North, Central and South America. The meeting was held under the auspices of the Brazilian Basketball Confederation in order to discuss matters related to the formation of the American team that had to compete with that of Europe, and the organization of the First Inter-American Youth Tournament to be organized by the Brazilian Confederation of Basketball.
The Sabbath November from October of 1975, at 10 am, in the Auditorium of the Centro Deportivo Olimpico Mexicano, the delegates of the National Federations of basketball throughout the Americas gathered for the “General Assembly” as agreed at the meeting held in São Paulo, Brazil, on May 4-5, 1975.
Each of the 25 Articles that comprise the “Statute of the Pan American Basketball Confederation (FIBA Americas) were announced, which were approved, which in turn led to the founding of the Continental Organization on October 11 1975.
Differences between FIBA and NBA
FIBA and NBA maintain an old discrepancy due to the differences that exist between their regulations. The two institutions (FIBA and NBA) are working to bridge the gap that these differences in their regulations create. In any case, it seems somewhat exaggerated on the part of American basketball to affirm that these differences are the cause of the successive defeats experienced, since they themselves undergo the change when their players go from the university league (NCAA) to the professional league (NBA).
Here are the 12 differences that exist between the FIBA and NBA regulations.
- Play time
- FIBA: 4 quarters of 10 minutes, overtime of 5 minutes each.
- NBA: 4 quarters of 12 minutes, overtime of 5 minutes.
- Zone / Key
- FIBA: It is a 3.6m wide trapeze at the free throw line and 6m wide at the baseline.
- NBA: It’s a 4.88m wide rectangle.
- Time stop after a basket
- FIBA: Only in the last 2 minutes of the last quarter and any additional time.
- NBA: In the last minute of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd quarters and in the last two minutes of the fourth quarter and any additional time.
- Three-point line
- FIBA: A 6.25m arc away from the rim
- NBA: A 7.24m arc that closes with two lines parallel to the sidelines and meets 6.7m from the rim at its closest point NBA
- Dead times (quantity, duration and who requests them)
- FIBA: 2 times in the first half of the game, 3 in the second and one for each overtime. All have a duration of one minute of and must be requested by the technical director to the scoring table. They are awarded at the next stoppage of the match or immediately after the requesting team converts.
- NBA: Here the full times are one minute, except for the first two times of each quarter and the two mandatory times of the second and last quarter that are 140 seconds. There are 6 full times per game and a time of 20 seconds per half. Three full times are awarded for each overtime. Time-outs are requested directly from the referee by a player on the field of play when his team is in control of the ball or when the game is stopped.
- Ball between two (Fight)
- FIBA: In every ball situation between two, after the initial jump, the teams receive alternating possessions, with the team that did not dominate the first jump receiving the second possession. This includes the starts of each quarter and overtime.
- NBA: In every ball-between-two situation that occurs during the game, a jump is made between two in the circle closest to where it occurred. The first quarter and any overtime begin with a jump to the center. In the 2nd, 3rd and 4th periods, they start with possession granted based on who dominated the opening jump. Possession for the second and third quarters goes to the one who lost the first jump; Possession to start the fourth period goes to the team that won the kickoff.
- Expulsion for fouls
- FIBA: 5 personal fouls or 2 technical fouls and technical fouls count against total personal fouls.
- NBA: 6 personal fouls or 2 technical fouls. Technical fouls are not considered personal fouls.
- Penalties for technical fouls
- FIBA: 2 free throws and possession in the center of the court. There will be no possession if the foul occurs before the start of the game because every game must begin with a jump to the center.
- NBA: 1 free throw for each technical foul and play resumes from the same point where the interruption occurred. The player who committed the technique is penalized with an automatic fine.
- Interfere with the ball on its way to the basket.
In both FIBA and NBA it is illegal to touch the ball when it is going downhill and there are chances of making the basket. It is also illegal for both of them to reach under the ring in order to touch the ball. The big difference appears once the ball makes contact with the ring.
- FIBA: Once the ball touched the ring, any player in defense or attack can touch it and try to correct it.
- NBA: There is an imaginary cylinder that has the rim as its base. As long as the ball is on that imaginary cylinder, no player may make contact with it.
- Zone defenses
- FIBA: Legal and without restrictions
- NBA: Legal, but a defensive player cannot stay in the lock for more than 3 seconds if he is not actively marking an opponent. The penalty for this violation is a technical foul.
- Free throw violation
- FIBA: Players lined up on either side of the ring and the pitcher can enter the lock after the ball touches the ring. Only a violation committed by the shooter can invalidate a made basket. Violations by the rest of the players are ignored if the shot goes in.
- NBA: A violation committed by a teammate of the pitcher can invalidate a free throw made.
- Violation of steps (“traveling”)
Although the rules are the same for FIBA and NBA, in the North American league the refereeing is much more permissive with the extra step before the ball is put on the ground. At FIBA, arbitrations are much stricter in this regard.