In order to fully understand the meaning of the term noise pollution, it is necessary, first of all, to discover the etymological origin of the two words that give it its shape. In this case, we can state the following:
-Contamination derives from Latin, specifically from “contaminatio – contaminationis” which, in turn, comes from the verb “contaminare”, which can be translated as “dirty” or “alter the purity of something”.
-Sonora, on the other hand, also emanates from Latin, in its case “sonorus”, which is synonymous with “sonorous”. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two components: the verb “sonare”, which means “to make noise”, and the suffix “-oro”, which is used to indicate “fullness”.
The act and result of polluting is known as pollution. It is a process that refers to altering, in a harmful way, the normal or natural conditions of something. Sound, on the other hand, is what sounds (generates a noise).
The noise pollution in this context, refers to excessive noise that modifies the characteristics of the environment in a region. Also known as noise pollution, this environmental disturbance negatively affects the quality of life.
Unlike the pollution of the air, the contamination of the water or the contamination of the soil, noise pollution is not combinable or persists over time once it occurs. If for ten consecutive days industrial waste is thrown into a river or a field, said contamination will have accumulated over the days and will remain in place until some type of sanitation is carried out. On the other hand, noise pollution exists as long as the source of the noise remains active; then it disappears.
Noise, considered a pollutant, is a loud and persistent sound that causes discomfort and even damage to humans and animals. Disorders caused by noise pollution can be physical or psychological.
In addition to all the above on noise pollution, we have to highlight another series of characteristics that it has:
-It is difficult to quantify.
-It comes to be located in what are very specific spaces.
-It is only perceived by one of the senses: the ear.
-It is the most economical type of pollutant, since only the voice of the human being is enough to generate it.
The air traffic on urban areas, the operation of machinery on public roads and the music that plays very strong speakers (speakers) are examples of noise pollution. People who are constantly subjected to these stimuli may experience problems with the eardrums or have difficulty resting, to name a few possibilities.
In the same way, we cannot ignore other consequences suffered by people who are more or less frequently subjected to noise or acoustic pollution:
-Loss of hearing.
-Cardiovascular type conditions.
Likewise, areas with high noise pollution run into the fact that there is a loss of the value of the properties that exist there.